Works of art whose former owners lost them as a consequence of the Nazi regime may now be in the possession of the Dutch State (Dutch National Art Collection), or be part of a collection held by a provincial/local authority institution, a foundation or a private individual. A claim to an artwork in such a collection can be submitted to the Restitutions Committee for investigation and a binding opinion.

The procedure followed by the Committee in these cases is described in regulations.
Submission of a case to the Restitutions Committee for a binding opinion is subject to a number of formal requirements and a set procedure is followed.